A pleonasm refers to the use of more words than they are necessary to express an idea i.e., redundancy. It is derived from a Greek word that means ‘excess’. Some people complicate the language for no reason. They have a habit of using redundant in sentences or with the combination of unwanted words.

In other words, a pleonasm is a redundant and tautological phrase or clause.

For example,

Judy is the cousin of Joshua.

Not: Judy is the cousin sister of Joshua.

  • Tuna fish burger: We ordered a fish burger last night.
  • My own eyes: I saw him with my eyes and confirm that he was behind this crime.
  • Free gift: Every child loves to have a gift.
  • Foreign imports: Most reading glasses are imports from Germany.
  • ATM machines: you will have many ATMs in the vicinity, but a couple of them are out of operation today.
  • Actual facts: It is always unwise to judge anyone until all facts are in.
  • Busy in: James was busy gathering the required papers the other day.
  • Circle around: When you circle the building, you will see a puppy near the bench.
  • Could possibly: You could either accept or reject the validity of this paper.
  • Current incumbent: The higher voting percentage suggests that the incumbent government will be defeated in this election.
  • Crisis situation: during the financial crisis in the USA, there was a ripple effect on the banks worldwide.
  • Confused state: I am confused about whether to accept this proposal or not.
  • Cope up with something: he was not able to cope with the stress and the strains of the job, and hence he quit.
  • Discuss on/about: We discussed this matter at length.
  • Drop down: the topline revenues dropped to $13 million last year.
  • Down south/ up north: As you move towards the north, the temperature will get cooler.
  • Empty out: ‘Empty his pocket’ was a scream from the back.
  • False pretense: Politicians are masters in engineering falsehoods and pretenses.
  • Frozen tundra: North Asia is an arctic tundra in the winter time and therefore it is not a recommended neighborhood to live in.
  • Hear with my own ears: I heard him clearly owning up to his few mistakes.
  • Gather together: We gathered to discuss this matter last evening.
  • It’s déjà vu all over again: A shiver crept down my spine as I experienced a sense of déjà vu.  
  • Join together: Why don’t you join us tonight?
  • Lift up: The US fed lifted the interest rate this month and cleared the uncertainties in the stock market.
  • Meet together: Let’s all meet this weekend and have fun.
  • New innovation: This innovation will disrupt the Information Technology world.
  • Open up: Open the door. (open up means begin shooting).
  • PIN number: Don’t ever share your PIN with anyone.
  • Pursue after: I pursued this plan wholeheartedly so I don’t think that I can disown it.
  • Raise up: It is time that the company has to raise the salary package of seniors.
  • Revert back: Once you receive the email, please revert immediately.
  • Safe haven: Some countries are a tax haven for tax evaders.
  • Total destruction: The earthquake wreaked havoc and the city witnessed destruction at every corner of it.
  • True fact: The fact remains unchallenged forever.
  • Ultimate goal: my goal is to train students for a good score in the IELTS exam.
  • Visible to the eyes: It is visible; one does not need to put efforts for the same.

New Zealand cuts back work permit rights for international students

Over the months there have been a lot much speculation doing rounds over student work permit rights for international students studying in New Zealand. Today, the Immigration NZ has finally put an end to the extended work rights i.e. 3 years for international students, and has cut back to one to two years now.

Beyond doubt, the Immigration NZ has tried to make the trade-off between advantages of studying in Auckland and out of it. International students studying diploma or advanced diploma degree will only be able to work for a maximum time period of two years after their course completion, and only one year if they have chosen a university located in Auckland. This clearly suggests that the government wants international students to populate other regions than Auckland.

In the past or right now we can say that international students are offered post study work permits up to three years regardless of the region they have chosen for their studies. These new regulations will be effective from November this year. The existing students will see no impeding effects on their work rights as these regulations are of no retrospective nature.

Artificial Intelligence arrives earlier than anticipation

Two decades back when the idea of self-driving car was taking place, perhaps most people doubted saying it was just a Science fiction. Hollywood movies off and on showed and glorified this incredible idea in movies, such as the Bond series and MIB, but we refused to accept it – or some might have accepted it for the later stage. Did they realize that this technology would become a reality – earlier than anticipation?

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has arrived and gradually making some space in our day-to-day life. In fact, AI-dominated landscape is approaching fast, even accelerating. I would say it is already here: we use Google’s assistant, Apple’s Siri and Microsoft’s Cortana. Amazon’s low-latency Alexa plays music of my choice and helps me go back to my world.

AI seems to be a big industry which could propel the growth engine for many countries. As usual, the US and European countries are the first in the race to embrace this life-changing technology we could certainly expect the updated academic curriculum from them for students – potential innovators of the world. A career in AI would be challenging and fun for students, but it would keep them on their toes.

Considering the ever-growing significance of AI and robotics, we have rounded up a few American Schools for this course:

Carnegie Mellon University (Pittsburgh, PA) Stanford University (Stand
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) (Cambridge, MA) University of California, Berkeley (Berkeley, CA)
Harvard University (Cambridge, MA) Yale University (New Haven, CT)
Cornell University (Ithaca, NY) University of Maryland (College Park, MD)
Columbia University (New York City, NY) University of Texas (Austin, TX)
University of California, Los Angeles

(Los Angeles, CA)

University of Michigan (Ann Harbor, MI)
Georgia Institute of Technology (Atlanta, GA) University of Massachusetts (Amherst, MA)
University of Illinois (Urbana/Champaign, IL) University of Pennsylvania (Philadelphia, PA)
University of Southern California (Los Angeles, CA) California Institute of Technology (Pasadena, CA)
University of Wisconsin (Madison, WI) University of Georgia (Athens, GA)
University of Washington (Seattle, WA) Colorado State University (Fort Collins, CO)
University of Pittsburgh (Pittsburgh, PA) South Dakota School of Mines and Technology (Rapid City, SD)
Eastern Michigan University (Ypsilanti, MI)  


Don’t be a victim of the marriage fraud

It is not an entirely new sensation to come across the stories of marriage-fraud victims intending to immigrate to various countries; most popular destinations are USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, UK and other European countries.

Some people know about their ineligibility to immigrate to such countries or others might realize hard to navigate the official channels to make their new homes. So, what happens then? There are many scammers who would advise them to marry someone to jump the immigration line.

Those who have craze of settling in these countries, they go to any lengths to fulfill their desires. And more often they get entangled into a vicious circle of deceit, crime and loss of their hard-earned money. At worst, they are banned to enter some countries forever or for some years. I have arranged a video with such stories from the official website of the Government of Canada. Think twice before committing such immigration frauds.

Struggling with finances to study in NZ? Here’s the information about scholarship awards in NZ!

Scholarships to study in New Zealand

Scholarships help students reduce their financial expenses for studying along with a sense of achievement and a sense of endorsement of their achievements. There are a range of scholarships available for international students wishing to study at New Zealand schools. To obtain a scholarship, you need to meet the certain scholarship criteria laid down by the specific New Zealand institution. Criteria may vary from university to university and hence check the individual website of institution. However, certain basic such as mentioned below remain constant for all countries.

  • Area of study
  • Nationality
  • Academic excellence (past and ongoing)
  • Achievement
  • Government’s grant for specific area of studies and nationality
  • Financial need
  • Quality of leadership
  • Essay writing
  • Community involvement or service
  • Gender (certain scholarships are available for male or female)

Here is the list of scholarships available in New Zealand:

  • The University of Waikato
    • University of Waikato International Excellence Scholarship
    • University of Waikato Foundation Studies Scholarship
  • University of Auckland
    • Commonwealth Scholarships
    • Asian Development Bank – Japan Scholarship Programme
  • Auckland University of Technology
    • New Zealand Commonwealth Scholarships
  • Education New Zealand (Part of New Zealand Government)
    • New Zealand Excellence Award (NZEA)
  • Lincoln University
    • New Zealand Excellence Award (NZEA)
    • Taught Master (180 credits) Academic Scholarships (NZ$10,000)
  • The University of Canterbury
    • Eamon Molloy Memorial Scholarship
    • College of Engineering – scholarship opportunities
    • University of Canterbury Dean’s Award
  • Universal College of Learning (UCOL)
    • New Zealand Commonwealth Scholarships
  • Massey University
    • CREATIVE Arts International Excellence Scholarship
    • Massey Scholarships
    • Business School International Student Scholarship
  • Southern Institute of Technology
    • John Wright Academic Scholarships
    • John Wright Sports Scholarships
  • Tuia Kia Tipu Award

Why should you study in New Zealand?

  1. World-class education: NZ prides itself on offering a world-class education to students. All eight of New Zealand universities are in the top 3% in the world. They are known for leading the way through academic excellence and personalized learning.
  2. Student safety: According to Global Peace Index, 2017, New Zealand is rated as the second most peaceful country. It is a politically stable and peaceful country with the least rates of corruption compared to the world.
  3. Impeccable lifestyle: New Zealand is blessed as a natural abode. Students find no difficulties in maintaining work/life balance. It is a country worth exploring for all possible natural adventures to soothe away the busy and hustling life pressure.
  4. Teaching method: NZ institutions focus on improving students’ critical thinking. By this teaching approach, they believe in creating the future leaders. Their academic courses are designed to encourage practicality and hands-on learning.
  5. Welcoming community: New Zealanders are welcoming and respectful of others culture. Every city is an epitome of multiculturalism.

Education system in New Zealand

New Zealand education system mirrors the British-based erudition system that is recognized worldwide. This model facilitates the student mobility on choice between institutes of New Zealand and other English-speaking countries during their studies. Both international and domestic students share classrooms together and are encouraged to actively participate to gain learning of various facets in their courses. The internationalization of teaching offers the collaborative learning between both types of students. Universities and colleges are well-equipped with offering competitive degrees on broad fields of study. The Government of New Zealand better understands the value of international education and its positive impact on various dimensions.

Work rights for international students

International students are authorized to work part-time up to 20 hours a week while studying or full-time in the holidays, depending upon your visa conditions. They cannot work until they have commenced their course in New Zealand.

Visa Requirements

In order to succeed in your student visa application, you must demonstrate your genuine intent to study, have enough financial support to pay your tuition fees, maintenance expenses and air tariff.

Apart from these basic visa requirements set out by the New Zealand Immigration department, you may also need following documents/evidence:

Offer Letter: Your university/ITP/college will issue an offer letter which depicts your full name, DoB/Passport Number, student ID, name of the course, length, concentration (discipline), title of degree, full-time status, and tuition fees.

Health and medical checks: You will need to have a chest x-ray and/or a medical examination as proof of your good health.

Travel Insurance: Travel insurance is mandatory for international students for the entire period of their stay on a student visa.

Guarantee of Stay for Minors (less than 18 years): An undertaking from a person or an institution stating that the student has suitable accommodation arranged in New Zealand.

Proof of Language Proficiency Certificate: The IELTS mark card is one of the prerequisites for New Zealand schools and Immigration Department.

StudyGroup offers scholarships to Indian Students

Selecting which university to attend can be a difficult decision for your students. By offering a variety of scholarship opportunities, Study Group is working towards making that decision easier.

Baylor University: Ranked #75 University in the USA by U.S. News and World Report

  • Campus-funded scholarships are available (for direct entry). All students are automatically considered

City College of New York: #16 Public School – Regional Universities North by U.S. News and World Report, 2018

  • Campus-funded scholarships available to students

James Madison University: #4 Public School – Regional Universities South by U.S. News and World Report, 2018

  • Scholarships available for ISC students through Study Group

Lipscomb University: Ranked #181 National University by U.S. News and World Report

  • Scholarships available for ISC students through Study Group

Oglethorpe University: #33 America’s Most Entrepreneurial Colleges, Forbes, 2015

  • “Special Presidential Scholarships” available to students who confirm prior to 30 June
  • $10,000 Robinson Scholarship (2.5-2.9 GPA)  for Direct Admit or International Year (Fall intake)
  • $14,000 Sheffield Scholarship (3.0-3.4 GPA) for Direct Admit or International Year (Fall intake)
  • $20,000 Weltner Scholarship (3.5-4.0 GPA) for Direct Admit or International Year (Fall intake)
  • Study Group-funded merit-based scholarship of $5,000 to International Year students

Roosevelt University: #3 Campus Ethnic Diversity – Regional Universities Midwest by U.S. News & World Report, 2018

  • Scholarships available for ISC students through Study Group
  • $3,500 scholarship available for International Year students who have graduated from the ISC and are progressing to full-time study at Roosevelt

Royal Roads University: Graded “A” for quality of teaching and learning, Canadian University Report

  • Scholarships based on academic criteria are available for International Year applicants.

University of Vermont: #41 Top Public Universities by U.S. News and World Report, 2018

  • Scholarships available for ISC students through Study Group

West Virginia University: #99 Top Public Universities by U.S. News and World Report, 2018

  • Campus-funded scholarships available to students

New Zealand – Top 10 jobs with a handsome pay

The 10 most in-demand jobs in New Zealand

Current unemployment rate is 4.6% and inflation rate is 1.60%

The twin-island country, New Zealand is known for its natural beauty and landscape.  New Zealanders make around 45,000 annually. Apart from medicos, there are also other high-paying jobs in New Zealand. We have rounded up the list of those jobs for you.

  1. Information Architects

Training needed: Minimum bachelor’s degree in computer science or computer engineering. A master’s degree is preferred with several years of work experience.

Job outlook: Information architects are chiefly responsible for directing, planning, organizing, evaluating and controlling the operations of information systems and electronic data processing (EDP). They meet with clients to discuss the timelines, system requirements, costs and specifications. New Zealand hosts medium- and large-sized IT companies which cater their services to businesses within New Zealand and also export to Australian businesses and elsewhere.

Median salary: $135,000


    2. Data Warehousing and Business Intelligence

Training needed: Minimum bachelor’s degree in computer science or computer engineering. A master’s degree is preferred with several years of work experience.

Job outlook: Data mining and business analytics are useful tools to aide business services in this modern era. A better understanding of data and business analytics plays a vital role in the growth of large corporations. Companies are always on the lookout of IT specialists that possess the skills of data modeling and database design.

Median salary: $115,000


    3. Cybersecurity Specialists

Training needed: Minimum bachelor’s degree in computer science, computer systems, information technology, engineering or a related discipline

Job outlook: According to the Investing News Network (INN), “together, the expanding number of cyber-attacks, the increasing severity of these assaults and the amount of money companies are spending on cyber security illustrate why it is such an important market.” Computer geeks with the concentration of cyber security and ethical hacking courses are generally suitable for these jobs. Their job is to protect the company’s data and other vital information from being breached. Looking at the recent WannaCry attacks in May 2017 which affected more than 300,000 computers worldwide, the significance of this role has increased dramatically.

Median salary: $105,000


    4. Construction Project and Contract Management   

Training needed: Minimum bachelors or diploma degree in civil engineering. A master’s degree in project management is usually required

Job outlook: For any construction projects to succeed, the budget and timeline are key points.  Some companies have multiple projects working concurrently, and it is hard for them to keep track on these underlying factors. Project managers are responsible for delivering their entire projects on time and on budget. It is relatively a new concept wherein the skills of technical and managing the project are given priority. In a country like New Zealand, we expect more development in infrastructure and private construction activities. This business impetus derived from both the government and the private sector could increase the demand of such professionals in the years to come.

Median salary: $105,000


    5. IT sales

Training needed: Minimum diploma or bachelor’s degree in business administration or in a related field. Candidates with the IT background academically or practically are preferred.

Job outlook: if you think you are good at convincing clients to buy the product that you sell, IT sales could also be a right avenue for you to get on the board. IT sales professionals mainly sell hardware or software products to their clients. Be it a small or large business, owners believe in having the automated operations and try to use the maximum technology.

Median salary: $105,000


   6. Mine/quarrying managers

Training needed: Generally speaking, extensive quarrying or mining experience is a must. You also need to obtain an Extractives Certificate of Competence from WorkSafe New Zealand

Job outlook: Mine and quarry managers are responsible for all activities on a work site. This includes coordinating production, monitoring site systems and managing staff.

Salary range: $100,000 – $ 155,000

Source: Leitch Chris, “Top 10 Highest Paying Jobs in New Zealand.” Career addict


  7. Finance managers and controllers

Training needed: Minimum bachelor’s degree in business administration, economics, commerce or a related field is required. Some positions may require a master’s degree with finance concentration.

 Job outlook: There are openings for this role in all sized corporations. If you are passionate about numbers and overseeing the company’s financial health, get on the board and take your company ahead of others.

 Median salary: $100,000


  8. Database experts

Training needed: Minimum bachelor or diploma degree in computer science or in mathematics.

Job outlook: Currently data is equated with the traditional commodities such as crude oil or gold. Some might think that it is an utter disconnect to this comparison. But, no; it is true. Companies have multiple departments filled with a variety of information stored in a database bank. In some cases, data is an asset and at the same it is the duty of a company to protect the confidentiality of clients’ data. Here comes the important role of data administrator or any designation suffix you name after data/base. There are IT companies to which the data storing job is also outsourced. Looking at the current labor market of New Zealand, we believe the demand for this occupation will remain stable for the years to come.

Median salary: $95,000


  9. In-house legal counsel

Training needed: A bachelor’s degree in law along with the registration and experience of years.

Job outlook: Whether there is a reasonable or frivolous lawsuit looming over the company, the legal department swings into action to counter the allegations or fight the right on behalf of his client. However, some issues/legal matters merit the reconciliation by means of the out-of-court settlement as no company is interested in investing its resources in a long-winded process of cases. To streamline various legal matters for interior or exterior issues, in-house legal counsel makes more sense. With the inevitable business growth of some companies, in-house legal counsel costs lesser than retaining a full-fledged senior counsel from the market.

Median salary: $95,000


  10. Quantity surveying

Training needed: Minimum bachelor or diploma degree in engineering or a related field. Usually it is one of the branches of project management also.

Job outlook: Another respectable and sought-after techno job! This occupation saves a lot of money and time for construction companies. The job duties include preparing the complete feasibility studies to estimate labor costs, time and materials. Furthermore, quantity surveyors are also responsible for analyzing, negotiating and preparing contracts and bidding.

Median salary: $95,000