|Offer of job by approved sponsor||No||20|
|Job at appropriate skill level||No||20|
|Speaks English at required level||No||10|
|Salary of £20,480 (minimum) – £23,039||Yes||0|
|Salary of £23,040 – £25,599||Yes||10|
|Salary of £25,600 or above||Yes||20|
|Job in a shortage occupation (as designated by the MAC)||Yes||20|
|Education qualification: PhD in subject relevant to the job||Yes||10|
|Education qualification: PhD in a STEM subject relevant to the job||Yes||20|
|A total of 70 points is required to be eligible to apply; some characteristics are tradeable|
If you are running short of time to take the IELTS test for the UK admission and student visa, here is the list of universities that may waive you off this requirement provided you meet a minimum score in the English subject of your previous studies.
UK Universities open for Jan/Feb 2020 intakes:
Undergraduate Universities and IELTS waiver % in 12th English:
- Oxford Brookes University: 65% in 12th English
- Anglia Ruskin University – 70% in 12th English
- Worcester University – 60% in 12th English
- St. Mary’s University, London – 70% in 12th English
- Middlesex University – 65% in 12th English
- Bolton University – 70% in 12th English
- University of West London – Only CBSE 60% in English 12th
- University of Greenwich – Only CBSE 60% in English 12th
- Bedfordshire University – 60%
- London Metropolitan University – Only CBSE 60% in English 12th
- Wolverhampton University – 60% in English CBSE 12th, 70% in State Board
- Sunderland University, London campus – 60% in English CBSE 12th, 70% in State Board
- Ulster University, London campus – 60% in English CBSE 12th, 70% in State Board
- Northumbria University, London campus – 60% in English CBSE 12th, 70% in State Board
- Huddersfield University – 70% in 12th English
- Coventry University – 65% in 12th English
- Anglia Ruskin University – 70% in English 12th
- Bolton University – 70% in English 12th
- Bedfordshire University – 60% in English 12th
- Bath Spa University – 70% in 12th CBSE only
- Chester University – 65% in English 12th
- Cardiff Metropolitan University – 60% in English 12th
- Coventry University – 65% in English 12th
- UCLAN – 70% in English 12th
- DeMontfort University – 70% in English 12th
- University of Greenwich – 70% in English 12th (CBSE, ICSE)
- Hertfordshire University – 70% in English 12th (CBSE, ICSE)
- London Metropolitan University – 65% in English 12th
- University of Law – 65% in CBSE only
- Sunderland University, London Campus – 70% in English 12th
- Sheffield Hallam University – 70% in English 12th
- Solent University – 70% in English 12th
- Middlesex University – 65% in English 12th
- Bangor University – 60% in English 12th
- Birmingham City University – 70% in English 12th (CBSE)
- Oxford Brookes University – 65% in English 12th
- Wolverhampton University – 70% in English 12th
- Teeside University – 65f% in English 12th
- University of West of England – 70% in English 12th
- University of West London – 70% in English 12th (CBSE)
- University of South Wales – 70% in English 12th
- In 2012, then-Home Secretary Theresa May changed the policy of post-study work permit for international students. She reduced the time for international students to remain to work from 2 years to 4 months after graduation from the UK university.
- After this change, the numbers of international students wishing to study at the UK universities dropped significantly, and the UK as a preferred education destination was under threat for years. In fact, it lagged its rivals, such as the US and Canada.
- Students from India reported healthy growth in the last two years – from over 11,700 in June 2017 to almost 22,000 in June 2019 under Tier 4 visa category, a substantial rise of nearly 90%.
- Nearly 96% of Indian students obtained the visa under Tier 4 study visa.
- The UK has set a goal of inviting more than 600,000 international students by 2030 and expects to double the value of education exports at £35 billion.
- This U-turn policy is greeted by universities with enthusiasm since they have been pushing for this change over the years.
The restoration of the old immigration policy for international students reverses a decision made by Theresa May in 2012. The old policy forced students to leave the UK after months of finishing studies. Students found themselves stranded and returned their homelands with a very expensive piece of paper (degree).
Now, there is a sigh of relief for international students. The British Government has announced that from the beginning of the next year (2020), eligible international students will be allowed to stay in the UK on a two-year post-study work permit.
The new immigration route will allow all eligible undergraduate or graduate students from a recognized university to stay in the country for two years either to gain some work experience at any skill level or to seek employment. Students wishing to take advantage of this move must ensure that the higher institution that they choose must adhere to immigration laws with a good track record. Schools having an adverse track record could make students ineligible under this new policy. Students going to the UK in January 2020 will be the beneficiary of this move.
“It is a testament to our world-leading universities that so many students from abroad want to study here. The important contribution international students make to our country and universities is both cultural and economic. Their presence benefits Britain, which is why we’ve increased the period of time these students can remain in the UK after their studies”, says Education Secretary, Gavin Williamson.
Some international students could stay longer
The Department of Education states that international students, “on the [graduate] route will be able to switch on to the skilled work route if they find a job which meets the skill requirement of the route.”
What does this change signal in the years to come for Britain and International Students?
The UK, as an education destination, was losing out its competitive position to its rivals visa-a-vis Canada, Australia, the USA, and other top destinations. Education exports bring economic benefits as well as the best talent from the world, which helps the host country to stay ahead of innovation in this competitive world. Large corporations are always on the lookout of the brightest employees to leapfrog in the competition. In some cases, visa restrictions such as the old UK immigration policy for international students stifle their competitiveness in the world market. This is a well-known fact to all OECD countries.
The British Government released its new International Education Strategy earlier this year. In this report, the idea was to extend post-study work-permit for 6 months for undergraduate and graduate students and 12 months for doctoral students. University leaders urged the government to go further, considering this element of strategy. Therefore, this new change has been welcomed with greater enthusiasm, and they consider it as ‘a very positive news’ for universities and the country.
This policy mirrors the overall plan
This new visa policy fits well with the two goals set by the British Government:
- To increase international student numbers in higher education in the UK to 600,000 by 2020 from the present count of 460,000.
- To double nearly the value of education exports in the UK to £35 billion, which will require a constant average annual growth of 4% through 2030.
The IELTS test takers face the challenge of how to start and end an essay. A good start is an essential part of the Writing section. The excellent start infuses brand-new confidence and brings the desired outcome in the form of a high band score.
It is common to see students scratching their heads the moment they think or start responding to the task. In many cases, students are unable to think critically and waste their precious time gathering ideas. Of course, that is not the strategy for them to employ at the last moment.
I always believe that writing an essay is an art. It is not a hard asking for sure. At the same time, students need to learn it from the basic. Right from the beginning until the end, it has to be cohesive with the right linkers. All sentences and paragraphs must present a unity of thoughts and correspond to each other’s purpose.
Considering how significant the first and last paragraph is, I thought of presenting model answers of four topics: the first and last paragraph of the different essay category types.
The first paragraph contains the paraphrasing of the topic statement after analyzing the critical elements of parameters. Moreover, the last paragraph is more or less a follow-through and reiteration of the first paragraph.
1) “Discussion” question
Nowadays, many students choose to study abroad at the university level. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of studying abroad, and give your own opinion about whether it is a good idea.
Introduction and conclusion:
It is undoubtedly a new trend that many students choose to study at university overseas. It is true that students making this decision face some difficulties. However, I believe that studying abroad is advantageous for many reasons.
In conclusion, I believe that studying in a foreign country is a positive development as long as students manage to overcome the struggles they are likely to face.
2) “Opinion” question
When choosing a job, the salary is the most important consideration. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Introduction and conclusion:
More and more people choose their jobs based on a salary package. I personally disagree with the idea that money is the only reason for them while choosing a career because it does not supersede many other vital factors.
In conclusion, while there is no denying that the salary size influences people’s professional choice, I believe that other motivators vastly outweigh money.
3) “Problem and Solution” question
The problem of litter on the streets of many towns and cities is getting worse. Why do we see more litter on our streets, and what can be done about it?
Introduction and conclusion:
The menace of increasing amounts of rubbish is seen in many public places these days. There are many causes of this problem, and I would argue that education is the only solution to this problem.
In conclusion, litter is mainly caused by dumping rubbish by careless people and the lack of bins, and I believe that educating people for the same is the best way to solve this issue.
4) “Two-part” question
These days more fathers stay at home and take care of their children while mothers go out to work. What could be the reasons for this? Do you think it is a positive or negative development?
Introduction and conclusion:
Men are indeed more likely to take the role of househusband, while more women are stepping out of the home to earn livelihood in their families. There could be several reasons for this, and I consider it to be an entirely positive trend in society.
In conclusion, men and women’s role is constantly changing in the family due to broader changes in society, and I believe that these developments are prudent.
Some verbs may take either gerund or infinitive:
We use the infinitive when the person concerned is mentioned:
- Thomas advised me to apply for this position.
- The coach recommends students to read this chapter well before taking the exam.
- They do not allow us to park in front of the gate.
But we use the gerund if the person is not mentioned:
- Thomas advised applying for this position.
- The coach recommends reading this chapter well before taking the exam.
- They do not allow parking in front of the gate.
The verb ‘agree’ takes the infinitive, and the same rule applies to its antonym ‘refuse’.
Jay agreed to help them financially, but his mother refused to do so.
But ‘agree to’+ possessive adjective takes the gerund:
She agreed to her leaving early on Thursday. (She asked if she could leave early on Thursday and she was allowed).
With ‘begin’, you can use either the infinitive or the gerund without any difference in meaning. However, the infinitive is more usual.
We began working. / we began to work.
Can/could bear (dislike)
‘Can/could bear’ is chiefly used in the negative sense and takes either the gerund or the infinitive.
I have been living here for 18 years and cannot bear the thought of leaving.
My dog never ceases to amaze me!
The Parle G ceased manufacturing biscuits this month.
You have two options: either you cease your operations or continue to bear losses.
You have two options: either you cease your operations or continue bearing losses.
I always forget to sign out my email account, and that is nasty of me.
He never forgets putting anyone down, and that is the reason, people distance themselves from him.
I hate to be a bearer of this ugly news.
She hates walking slowly.
We intend to sell this house.
We intend selling this house.
She usually does not like to go to the theater.
She usually does not like going to the theater.
Alex loves to wind-surf.
Alex loves wind-surfing.
When ‘mean’ is used for ‘intend’, it takes the infinitive.
I mean to clarify this point by attaching this evidence.
When ‘mean’ is used for ‘involve’ (used only with an impersonal subject), it takes the gerund.
My boss is hell-bent over approving this proposal quickly even if it means bending the wisdom of the investment.
“I need you to need me, I love you to love me, I want you to want to me, I am begging you to beg me” – Cheap Trick Song.
Your hair needs cutting.
I prefer walking.
I prefer to walk.
When ‘propose’ is used for ‘intend’, it takes the infinitive.
We propose to begin this assignment tomorrow.
When ‘propose’ is used for ‘suggest’, it takes the gerund.
We propose getting your account tallied before leaving the counter.
We recommend students to write an essay every day.
We recommend writing an essay every day.
Samantha regrets spending extravagantly, and now she is broke.
We regret to inform you that the school will remain closed tomorrow.
She remembers having made mistakes in her speech.
She remembered to post the letters.
The grass requires cutting.
The grass required to be cut. All students are required to take a diagnostic test before they commence their classes.
The moment her dad yelled, she started crying.
The moment her dad yelled, she started to cry.
Stop complaining and get to work.
We had to stop to ask the way.
They tried hard to hush this matter, but could not succeed.
They tried hushing this matter, but could not succeed.
I used to bunk off the school while I was in grade 9.
I am used to living in a cold climate.
Do you want to convince him over this issue? He seems adamant.
The plants want watering on every other day.
- Some people think that zoos are cruel and all the zoos should be closed. However, others think zoos are useful to protect rare animals. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
- Some people believe that sport is nothing but a leisure activity. Others believe that it is important in our society. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
- In many countries, mainly tourists, but not local people, visit museums and historical sites. Why does this happen? What can be done to attract more local people to visit these places?
- Some people believe that to be successful in sports one needs a natural ability, while others think that hard work and practice can make them successful. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
- Some people say drug companies have the responsibility to spend money on researching medicine to help poorer countries. Others think that the main responsibility of drug companies is making money. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
- Nowadays shopping has become a new favorite pastime for young people. What are the reasons for this? What can be done to encourage young people to develop other hobbies?
- Some people believe that entertainers are more important than scientists. Support the reasons and examples from your experience.
- Some people believe that technology has made a man more social. Others believe that it is opposite. Discuss both views and give your opinion.
Did you know?
You could lose your mark on a very basic mistake. Take a look at:
Most times, your question paper reads part of the answer, such as $…, %…, km…, inches… and so on. In that case, you just need to write the number.
Incorrect answer: $10
Correct answer: 10
Agreement of the verb with the subject is a basic understanding while making any sentence. Students generally know this basic rule of grammar, but in this chapter, I am going to discuss one exception, which is worthwhile to learn it.
a) If two subjects combined denotes one idea, we use the verb which may be the Singular; as,
- Thrill and safety goes hand in hand with this car.
- The long and the short of the matter is this proposal may not have any positive fruition.
- Slow and steady wins the race. That’s what we were taught by the moral story of the hare and the tortoise.
- Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.
- The horse and carriage is at the door now.
- Bread and butter is wholesome. Bread and butter is all she takes for breakfast.
- Subhas Chandra Bose, the great nationalist and leader, is no more with us.
- Love and hate is a part of human behavior.
- Rice and curry is my favorite dish for sure.
- The law and order in town is under control now.
- Stay away from this parliamentarian. His power and influence is on the rise.
b) In some cases, two nouns are joined by words/phrases, such as with, besides, as well as, together with, no less than. It also expresses one idea; as,
- Gold, as well as silver, is a precious metal.
- The rich as well as the poor takes part in this exercise.
- No one, besides him, knows how to deal with such situations.
- Mark my words; your father, not you, has created this gigantic empire of wealth.
- Sheila, together with other friends of mine, is working on this project at the moment.
The sentence formation of Simple Present Tense follows:
|Active and Passive||Active and Passive|
|1st Person||I give = I am given||We give = We are given|
|2nd Person||You give = You are given||You give = You are given|
|He gives = He is given|
|3rd Person||She gives = She is given||They give = They are given|
|It gives = It is given|
The sentence formation of Simple Past Tense Follows
|Active and Passive||Active and Passive|
|1st Person||I gave = I was given||We gave = We were given|
|2nd Person||You gave = You were given||You gave = You were given|
|He gave = He was given|
|3rd Person||She gave = She was given||They gave = They were given|
|It gave = It was given|
The sentence formation of Simple Future Tense Follows
|Active and Passive||Active and Passive|
|1st Person||I shall give = I shall be given||We shall give = We shall be given|
|2nd Person||You will give = You will be given||You will give = You will be given|
|He will give = He will be given|
|3rd Person||She will give = She will be given||They will give = They will be given|
|It will give = It will be given|
The postman brings letters. (Active Voice)
Letters are brought by the postman. (Passive Voice)
Uses of Passive Voice:
Passive voice is not much used in our native languages, such as Hindi, Gujarati, Punjabi or any other as it looks awkward when it is translated literally. However, it is a usual practice in the English language to use passive voice.
In the IELTS Academic test, passive voice plays an essential role in Task 1 because of its peculiarity in the usage. It is widely used in it because the doer (agent) becomes inconsequential in the sentence construction. In another way, in most sentences in task one and also in our life, we are not inclined to use the doer (agent) over and over again. For example, my car has been moved!
Now, it does not matter who moved it, or I have no idea who did it.
- It is used in colloquial speech. ‘Get’ is sometimes used instead of ‘Be’:
The bottle got (= was) broken.
You will get (= be) demoralized if you keep on watching sad news on TV.
There was a brawl at the party last night, but fortunately, nobody got (= was) hurt.
Some exceptions: get married, get divorced, get dressed, get changed (these expressions are not in the passive voice)
- Some verbs have two objects. For example, give:
Somebody gave her a rottweiler. (Active Voice)
She was given a rottweiler. A rottweiler was given to her. (Passive Voice)
Somebody gave the cops a tip-off about the raid. (Active Voice)
The cops were given a tip-off about the raid. A tip-off about the raid was given to the cops (Passive Voice)
- In some sentences, the doer is unimportant, so it is not necessary to mention them:
The rubbish has not been collected from the last two days.
The streets are washed every night, wasting away precious drinking water.
You will be ten printed when you apply for the US visa.
- In some sentences, the doer is unknown, or you do not know exactly or have forgotten who did this particular action:
The prime minister was assassinated (= by someone, but we have no idea who exactly did this).
The report on my table was taken (= by some team member)
- Sentences using ‘People’ as a doer in active verbs:
She was suspected of having a hand in glove in this corruption case. (People suspected her of…).
The Gandhi family was believed to be a family of saints, but the reports show otherwise. (People believed the Gandhi family…)
- When we use the indefinite pronoun ‘one’ in the active sentence:
One believes (that) this sort of counseling is as unacceptable. (Active Voice)
This sort of counseling is believed as unacceptable. (Passive Voice)
You can see the advert of Coco-Cola everywhere. (Active Voice)
The advert of Coco-Cola is seen everywhere. (Passive Voice)
- In some cases, we tend to be more interested in the action than the person who does it:
The office next door has been bought (by a Mr. Patel).
If we happen to know Mr. Patel, we will use the active form:
Mr. Patel has bought the office next door.
- It is used to avoid an ungrammatical or awkward sentence. We generally do not change the subject:
Before I reached home, my neighbor took Jericho (dog) to a vet.
would be better expressed:
Before I reached home, Jericho was taken to a vet by my neighbor.
- It is used to disclaim responsibility for disagreeable announcements. It is preferred for psychological reasons:
The bonus on top of your remuneration is being cancelled/will have to be cancelled this year as the company did not meet the revenue target.
airy-fairy (adjective, informal, disapproving): not clear or practical
I like that place because people out there talk about deals, done-deals, projects, achievements, airy-fairy stories among others.
argy-bargy (noun, uncountable, countable, informal): noisy disagreement
She had a bit of argy-bargy with her boss over the assignments she was overseeing.
artsy-fartsy also arty-farty (adjective, disapproving, informal): connected with, or having an interest in, the arts
She got annoyed at her consistent response to what she called arty-farty or airy-fairy explanations of how things worked.
chit-chat (noun, uncountable, informal): conversation about things that are not important
Could you please share a minute for a quick chit-chat?
criss-cross (verb): to make a pattern on something with many straight lines that cross each other
The world was crisscrossed by telegraph lines in the last century, including countless cables under the Atlantic Ocean.
dilly-dally (verb, informal): to take too long to do something, go somewhere or make a decision)
Frankly speaking, I am not a morning guy; dilly-dally during my morning rituals.
harum-scarum (adjective): behaving in a wild and sometimes careless way
Jenny was all set out to start running under the new coach, but her jumping was quite harum-scarum.
helter-skelter (adjective, only before noun): done in a hurry and in a way that lacks organization
In this hectic and helter-skelter world, this was an obvious reminder of the kindness and the Smiths have done it again.
higgledy-piggledy (adjective, informal): untidy and lacking any order
I can see a higgledy-piggledy mess of badly-designed streets in my town.
hocus-pocus (noun, uncountable): language or behaviour that is nonsense and is intended to hide the truth from people
I disagree with the belief that psychology is a lot of hocus-pocus. However, my peers see it otherwise.
hoity-toity (adjective, informal): behaving in a way that suggests that you think you are most important than other people; haughty
My first impression for Islanders was the moneyed and hoity-toity, but soon it was proven wrong the moment I started integrating into society.
hotchpotch (noun, singular, informal [North American: hodgepodge]): a number of things mixed together without any particular order or reason
Being a coach, it becomes hard for me to explain to students who produce an incoherent hotchpotch in writing.
hurly-burly (noun, uncountable): a very noisy and busy activity or situation
She recounts her hurly-burly of school life on the graduation day.
itty-bitty also itsy-bitsy (adjective, informal): very small
Next to that small area, you can see an itsy-bitsy, teeny-weeny bathroom.
mumbo jumbo (noun, uncountable, informal, disapproving): language or ceremony that seems complicated and important but is actually without real sense or meaning; nonsense
To her naivety, Rebecca could not comprehend a maze of dense and mumbo jumbo legal terms and ended up losing plenty of money.
mishmash (noun, singular, informal, disapproving): a confused mixture of different kinds of things, styles, etc.
The professor made a total mishmash of points to come to the conclusion, and I think the classroom is yet confused and in bewilderment over this topic.
(the) nitty-gritty (noun, informal, singular): the basic or most important details of an issue or a situation
She missed the nitty-gritty of her assignment which dragged her overall score.
ping-pong (noun, uncountable): table tennis
If your daughter is not good at lawn tennis, put her to ping-pong and she might succeed.
pitter-patter also pit-a-pat (adverb): with quick light steps or beats
When I heard of you, my heart went pitter-patter across the floor.
shilly-shally (verb, informal, disapproving): to take a long time to do something, especially to make a decision
The Fire Safety department started shilly-shallying about the fire mishap in Surat. Their inertia and incompetence engulfed in over a score of students.
teeny-weeny also teensy-weensy (adjective, informal): very small
Next to that small area, you can see an itsy-bitsy, teeny-weeny bathroom.
tittle-tattle (noun, uncountable, informal, disapproving): unimportant talk, usually not true, about other people and their lives; gossip
I reckon the gossip surrounding her love affair with Jason is just that – idle tittle-tattle.
touchy-feely (adjective, informal, disapproving): expressing emotion too openly
It is unwise for you to get all touchy-feely with your own emotions at the workplace because your co-workers may give you a verbal hug for a while, but they may take advantage of it later on.
wishy-washy (adjective, informal, disapproving): not having clear or firm ideas or beliefs
The right wingers have run over those wishy-washy neoliberals in all parts of the world.
- We generally do not use ‘The’ before abstract nouns unless they are described in a particular sense:
- Men respect life and fear death. (abstract noun)
- The death of his father shattered the entire family. (used in a particular sense)
- Before names of games: Cricket, Tennis, Golf
- When we say something about or describing nature, where it means the spirit creating and motivating the world of animals and plants etc.
- If you do not take care of nature now, your next generation will suffer for it.
- I think Mother Nature is going through a worse phase because of global warming.
- Home: When we use home alone in a sentence i.e, is not preceded or followed by a phrase or descriptive word, the is omitted:
- She is at home now. You can go and
- She went home early.
- My brother arrived home after dark.
- Court, church/temple/synagogue/mosque, bed, hospital, prison, school/college/university:
We do not use the before the nouns listed above when these places are visited or used for their primary purpose.
- My mother usually goes to bed
before 11. (her sleeping pattern)
- Let’s meet at church/temple/synagogue/mosque. (for prayer)
- When the litigant reached court, he realized leaving important papers behind. (in the case matter)
- While returning from school, we decided to visit the dog shelter. ( from school after studying)
- Sea: As a sailor when you go to sea, the is omitted. Or maybe as passengers
or crew, we omit the.
- The commanding officer is going to sea next month and replace his colleague.
- I still remember we were at sea last year this time.
However, when we live near the sea or seaside, we do not omit the.
- Work and office:
- She is on her way to work.
- Men are at work.
- We are getting delayed for a movie because Alex has not returned from work yet.
Office ( a place of work) requires the: Please call me afterward as she is not in the office.
To be in office without the means to hold an official post.
- Town: Are you in town tomorrow? Oh yes, you can drop in. ( it does not come with the)